Movement for Unity and Jihad in West Africa (MUJAO)


Movement for Unity and Jihad in West Africa (MUJWA), Mouvement pour l’Unification et le Jihad en Afrique de l’Ouest (MUJAO)

The Movement for Unity and Jihad in West Africa (MUJAO) is a splinter group of al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM). Though the two groups are mostly ideologically aligned, MUJAO has an expressed interest in expanding its jihadist campaign throughout all of West Africa with the desire of establishing a pan-Islamic state.

Reach of Operations: Algeria, Mauritania, Niger, Mali

Allies and Affiliates: MUJAO is operationally allied with AQIM as well as Ansar al-Din. The three groups formed an alliance in late 2012 and by a share of resources, logistics, and training camps, fought altogether against the French and Malian forces during the France-led 2012 counter-terror campaign, Operation Serval.1

Sources of Funding: MUJAO is partly financed by its parent organization but also sees revenue streams through drug-trafficking, predominantly cocaine, and obtains the majority of its weapons and munitions from raids and attacks on Malian supply bases. Considered well-armed for its size, MUJAO has stockpiled communications and logistics equipment, small-arms, and explosives from its raids.